What skin type do you have? Skin types include normal, dry, oily, mixed, and sensitive. Understanding your skin type will help you cure acne outbreaks and attain smooth, clean skin. While heredity typically determines skin type, everyday behaviors and environmental variables can aggravate skin conditions. Each skin type has distinct traits and symptoms that need special care. Continue reading to learn about your skin type and how to care for it.
How to Identify Your Skin Type
Your skin type will serve as a reference in terms of selecting the appropriate products and regimen. They are as follows:
Normal Skin: There are no concerns with dryness, oiliness, or sensitivity with this product.
Dry skin: Skin that is rough and dry and flakes or scales
Oily skin: Pores that are large and skin that feels oily Your skin is frequently glossy, and you have a tendency to break out.
Combination skin: You may have dry spots on your cheeks and oily patches—typically in the T-zone (the area between your nose, chin, and forehead).
Sensitive skin: Irritation, burning, or redness from cosmetics or skin products. According to a Frontiers in Medicine article, over 70% of women and 60% of men have sensitive skin.
Routine in the morning
This is a simple morning skin-care regimen that includes the following steps:
- Remove any traces of makeup from your face with a mild cleanser that does not take away any natural oils.
- Apply a serum, moisturizer, or oil to the affected area.
- Use sunscreen to protect your skin.
Product selection should be guided by your skin’s unique needs and characteristics.
Cleanser: Try micellar water, which includes dirt-attracting molecules. No need to rinse, just swipe it over your skin. Other options include cleaning foams, creams and lotions, and cleansing balms. Cleansing balms containing nourishing oils and antioxidants are great for older skin.
Serum: Serums are used for a number of therapies. Choose one that is anti-aging or moisturizing. Look for antioxidants, nourishing oils, and retinol.
Moisturizer: Like your serum, pick a moisturizer that addresses your problems and contains antioxidants.
Sunscreen: Every day, apply sunscreen. Use a broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher. If you use a moisturizer beneath your makeup, choose one with sunscreen.
Cleanser: Choose a mild, fragrance-free soap and use only enough to create a light lather. The finest cleanser is a cream or lotion. Apply moisturizer immediately after blotting dry.
Serum and cream: To avoid dry skin, trap moisture. Avoid using lotion on dry skin. Aim for products with lanolin, jojoba oil, hyaluronic acid, and shea butter.
Sunscreen: Utilize a fragrance-free sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or above.
Cleanser: Use an alcohol-free, oil-free foamy cleanser. Not all skincare products are created equal. To avoid irritation and breakouts, use one that gently dissolves debris and oil.
Serum and cream: Avoid oily serums and moisturizers. Choose fragrance-free, non-comedogenic products that won’t clog pores.
Sunscreen: In addition to protecting your skin, sunscreen can irritate acne-prone skin and trigger outbreaks. Using zinc oxide or titanium dioxide sunscreens will assist. Choose one without oils or perfumes.
Cleanser: Cleaning sensitive skin with oil may help. Pure oils like argan or jojoba can remove dirt and filth without irritating the skin. Use a light liquid cleaner with no scent.
Serum and cream: Using fewer cosmetics makes it easier to identify what irritates delicate skin. Use only one product with few chemicals and no scent. If a product causes stinging or burning, stop using it.
Sunscreen: The best sunscreen is one with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. These sunscreens function as a barrier on top of the skin. Avoid scented products.
If you have mixed skin, you may need to use several products to treat the specific dry or oily parts of your skin. Otherwise, keep to a mild foamy cleanser and use moisturizer and sunscreen on a regular basis to avoid irritation. Avoid using any items that can trigger breakouts or cause your skin to become even drier.
The following are the stages to a simple nighttime skin-care routine:
- Cleanse your skin, removing any makeup if necessary with a makeup remover.
- Apply a balanced toner to your skin by soaking a cotton ball or pad with the product and swiping it across your whole face.
- If desired, apply a serum or a moisturizing night cream, or both, to the face and neck.
Select items that are appropriate for your skin type.
Toner: Pick a toner that solves your skin issues. Hydroxy acids fight UV damage, while antioxidants like vitamins C and E fight free radicals and scarring.
Serum or moisturizer: Choose a night time serum or moisturizer. A vitamin A–based lotion can aid with collagen synthesis, and retinol can help with aging.
Toner: Skip this step or use a hydrating toner. Avoid alcoholic toners.
Serum or moisturizer: To treat normal to dry skin, look for products that include oil-in-water. Water-in-oil ointments and lotions are especially moisturizing for dry skin.
Toner: Avoid toners containing alcohol or oil and choose a mild, balanced toner. Find non-comedogenic formulas.
Serum or moisturizer: A non-comedogenic, oil-free moisturizer. Choose anti-inflammatory goods with antioxidants including resveratrol, quercetin, and cinnamic acid.
Toner: You may either skip this step or apply a light natural toner.
Serum or moisturizer: Skincare products containing humectants, such as glycerin and hyaluronic acid, are particularly beneficial for sensitive skin. Protecting the skin from moisture loss using lotions that include barrier molecules like petrolatum and dimethicone can also be beneficial.
When it comes to cosmetics, combination skin types should avoid those that worsen or irritate their skin condition. Examine the possibility of using various products on different parts of the face.
Routine on a weekly
Certain skin-care products and regular procedures should only be performed once or twice a week, at the most. In this category are exfoliation treatments that are mechanical or chemical in nature, which are classified as follows:
- In order to remove dead skin cells, mechanical exfoliation uses a physical scrub such as crushed nuts, pumice, beads, a roller, brush, or sponge to slough them away.
- Chemical exfoliation, which includes glycolic, lactic, alpha-hydroxy, and beta hydroxy acids, is a method of removing dead skin cells by using chemicals (including salicylic acid).
Adapt your exfoliation method and frequency to your skin type. Use a moderate chemical exfoliant such as alpha-hydroxy acid, beta-hydroxy acid, glycolic acid, or lactic acid instead. Sensitive skin can use mandelic acid.
What works for you may not work for someone else. Record any items you use for several weeks to track results and possible responses.
Healthy skin comes from getting enough sleep, managing stress, limiting sun exposure, eating nutritious meals, and not smoking. Keep healthy behaviors for beautiful skin.