- PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome) is a hormonal disorder that is difficult to diagnose.
- Period irregularities, acne, obesity, lower fertility, and a higher risk of diabetes are all symptoms of PCOS.
- PCOS can be diagnosed by collecting a medical history, doing an examination, performing blood tests, and having an ultrasound performed.
- PCOS treatment includes maintaining a healthy lifestyle, losing weight if you are overweight, and receiving specialized treatments such as hormones and medications.
PCOS symptoms include
Women who have PCOS may have the following symptoms:
- Menstrual cycles that are irregular – periods may be fewer or more frequent as a result of less frequent ovulation (release of an egg)
- Amenorrhoea (absence of menstrual cycles) — Some women with PCOS do not menstruate, sometimes for a long length of time.
- excessive hair growth on the face or on the body (or both)
- hair loss on the scalp
- Ovulation occurs less frequently or is absent in women who have impaired fertility (making it more difficult to become pregnant).
- Anxiety and despair are among the mood swings that might occur.
- Sleep apnoea is a medical condition that affects the way you sleep.
- You may not have to exhibit all of these symptoms to be diagnosed with PCOS.
Girls who have PCOS are more prone to do the following:
- having a tough time getting pregnant When a woman decides she wishes to become pregnant, she might seek treatment for this condition.
- having excessive hair growth on some parts of the body, such as the face, chest, or stomach
- Acne patients who develop acne or whose acne worsens
- have a large waist circumference
- diabetes, heart disease, or high blood pressure are all possibilities.
- Have you been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea?
PCOS cannot be cured, however, it can be managed with medication.
Treatment of PCOS
Lifestyle modifications like eating a healthy, balanced diet and exercising regularly can have a good impact on your health. A healthy lifestyle can assist women with PCOS, especially if they are overweight and their new lifestyle helps them lose weight.
Diet and exercise for weight loss
To reap the benefits, you need not drop much weight. According to studies, losing merely five to ten percent of one’s body weight can do the following:
- normalize hormone production to control periods and increase fertility
- enhance one’s disposition
- lower the severity of symptoms such as:
- Hair growth on the face and on the body
- hair loss on the scalp
As an added benefit, it can lower your chance of acquiring type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
PCOS medical therapies
PCOS medical therapies include:
- The oral contraceptive pill is commonly given for contraception, menstrual cycle regulation, excess hair growth, acne, and womb lining thickening.
- spironolactone, for example, blocks testosterone, which may be used to prevent excessive hair growth or scalp hair loss.
- Insulin sensitizing medicines can aid persons with insulin resistance, regulate menstrual cycles, improve ovulation and fertility, prevent diabetes, and help with weight reduction.
- Infertility drugs like clomiphene citrate (Clomid) or aromatase inhibitors can help induce ovulation (egg production)
- psychiatric help
Your doctor and other professionals can talk with you about different therapies to help you determine which one is the best fit for your needs.
If you don’t want to get pregnant, your doctor may prescribe a skin patch or a pill. These drugs can help you get your period back on track, clean up acne, and reduce body hair. Fertility drugs can assist your ovaries release eggs.
Ask your doctor about body hair and acne meds.
See your doctor if you have:
- erratic cycles
- Mood swings
- Unusual weight increase
- Hair or skin changes
In addition to PCOS, these symptoms may indicate additional major health conditions.