UTIs are common in children. They occur when bacteria enter the bladder or kidneys.A UTI baby may have a fever, vomit, or be fussy. Older kids may have a fever, need to pee frequently or have lower belly pain.
Kids with UTIs should be seen. These infections won’t go away. The majority of UTIs clear up within a week.
Antibiotics kill germs and help kids get better. Antibiotics must be given in full, even if your child feels better.
Signs & Symptoms of a UTIs
The majority of urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur in the lower urinary tract, specifically the urethra and bladder. Cystitis is the medical term for this type of UTI. A child suffering from cystitis may experience any of the following symptoms:
- When peeing, you may experience pain, burning, or stinging.
- an increased desire to pee or a more frequent requirement to pee (though only a very small amount of pee may be passed)
- Frequently waking up in the middle of the night to go to the bathroom
- Although the child has been potty trained, the child is experiencing wetting issues.
- abdominal discomfort in the area of the bladder (generally below the belly button)
- pee with a foul odor that may be cloudy or contain blood
Pyelonephritis is an infection that spreads up the ureters and into the kidneys. It is usually more serious than other types of infections. The symptoms are similar, but the child often appears sicker and is more likely to have a fever (sometimes accompanied by shaking chills), pain in the side or back, severe tiredness, or vomiting. It is caused by a virus.
Types of UTIs
An infection of the urinary tract can occur in a variety of locations throughout the body. Each type has a unique name that varies depending on where it is found.
Cystitis(bladder): It’s possible that you’ll feel the need to pee a lot, or that peeing will be painful. You may also experience lower belly pain and have cloudy or bloody urine as a result of the infection.
Pyelonephritis(kidneys): Fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and pain in your upper back or side are all possible side effects.
Urethritis(urethra): When you pee, this can result in a discharge and burning sensation.
A urine sample is usually tested for white blood cells, red blood cells, and bacteria to make a diagnosis.
The “clean-catch” method is used to collect urine. This requires washing the genital area before providing a mid-flow urine sample. This helps keep genital bacteria out of the sample.
Recurrent UTIs may necessitate additional diagnostic testing to determine if anatomical or functional issues are at play. These include:
Diagnostic imaging: Ultrasound, CT and MRI scanning, radiation tracking, and X-rays are all used to evaluate the urinary tract during this procedure.
Urodynamics: The effectiveness of the urinary tract in storing and releasing urine is determined by this procedure.
Cystoscopy: This diagnostic procedure allows the doctor to see inside the bladder and urethra using a camera lens that is inserted through the urethra using a long, thin tube that is inserted through the bladder.
UTIs can be prevented through a variety of measures, including:
- Be sure to urinate frequently and drink plenty of water.
- Consume fluids that do not irritate the bladder, such as alcohol and caffeine.
- Urinate immediately following sex.
- You should wipe from top to bottom after urination and bowel movement.
- Keep the genital area free of odors.
- Baths should be avoided at all costs in favor of showers.
- Tampons are not as popular as sanitary pads or menstrual cups. Amazon has a wide selection of menstrual cups, with thousands of customer reviews.
- A diaphragm or spermicide should not be used as a form of birth control.
- The genital area should not be exposed to any perfumed products.
- Keep the area around the urethra dry besides dressing cotton underwear and free attire.
The symptoms of a UTI, particularly those of a possible kidney infection, should prompt people to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
When Should Consult Medical Professional?
If your child has an unexplained fever and shaking chills, call the doctor right away, especially if there is back pain or any other type of pain when peeing.
Also, call if your child has any of the following conditions:
- pee that is foul-smelling, bloody, or discolored
- low back pain or stomach discomfort (especially below the belly button)
- a fever of more than 101°F (38.3°C) in children, or 100.4°F (38°C) rectally in infants, is considered high.
If your baby has a fever, isn’t eating well, vomits frequently, or is irritable, you should see a doctor.
POINT OF VIEW
A common ailment is urinary tract infections (UTIs). They can be caused by infection of the bladder, urethra, ureters, or kidneys, among other things. Bacteria are the most common cause, though viruses and fungi can also be responsible for the infection.
If you have any suspicions that you may have a urinary tract infection, you should see your doctor for a diagnosis and appropriate treatment.