In the first six months of a baby’s life, breastfeeding provides numerous benefits for both the mother and the child. As well as protecting against acute infections like pneumonia and diarrhea, research suggests that it may also help protect women from developing chronic illnesses like diabetes and high blood pressure. Breast milk has been shown to improve the health of newborns and reduce the risk of a wide variety of disorders.
Studies show that breast milk is the best source of nutrition for infants unless there is a health issue with either the mother or the baby. The risk of additional serious diseases can be reduced by temporarily or permanently discontinuing nursing in mothers who have a medical issue and replacing it with breast-milk substitutes.
Mothers should never breastfeed if they have any of the following medical conditions.
The WHO estimates that 5-20% of HIV transmission occurs through unmedicated breastfeeding. Combined antiretroviral therapy-treated HIV-infected moms can breastfeed for 12-24 months. Antiretroviral-treated women are more likely to spread HIV through breastfeeding. It is wise to seek medical advice on HIV and breastfeeding.
A study found that Ebola virus illnesses in breast milk pose a danger of virus transmission to newborns when breastfed. The virus was found in their tears, sweat, saliva, and infected surfaces, according to the study. Thus, the route of Ebola virus transmission through breast milk remains unknown.
Mother using an illegal street drug
Many nursing women take drugs that pass into breast milk. But in modest doses and unlikely to harm the baby. Illicit drugs like cannabis have been linked to motor and developmental issues in newborns. Avoid exposure to these medicines for at least six months when nursing. Avoid passive smoking as well.
So long as a woman has herpes lesions on her breast, she should not breastfeed. Because the herpes simplex virus can be passed on to babies through nursing, increasing mortality and morbidity.  According to the CDC, moms with no active lesions on their breasts or other parts of their bodies can safely breastfeed their children.
Sepsis is a life-threatening illness induced by an infection’s over-reaction. Sepsis can cause high fever, chills, lower abdomen pain, shortness of breath, muscle agony, and death. This serious sickness may cause moms to stop nursing.
Some drugs might enhance the toxicity of breast milk and induce negative effects in neonates, thus breastfeeding is not recommended for a while. They include sedatives, anti-epileptics, radioactive iodine-131 (for thyroid cancer treatment), excessive topical iodine or iodophor usage, and cytotoxic chemotherapy medications.
Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that causes fever, aches, and weakness in people. It spreads to neonates via breast tumors and abscesses. So, until the illness is treated with antibiotics in lactating moms, breastfeeding is halted.
Breastfeeding in TB-infected women is still controversial. Some research recommends giving TB-infected mothers’ breast milk to their neonates via optical feeding, while others advise against it because of the risk of infection transmission. Breastfeeding is safe for women who are no longer infected with TB because it contains no bacteria and just a trace amount of non-toxic medicines.
The varicella-zoster virus causes chickenpox, an acute infection spread by skin contact or mucous membranes. A study mentions two varicella cases. The virus has not been isolated from any of the instances, according to the report. This means that mothers with varicella can still breastfeed their babies via expressed or other sources.
Breast abscesses are prevalent in nursing women due to infection or diabetes. If not paused, it may cause pain while breastfeeding and abscess progression. Experts suggest that if the abscess is not in the nipples or feeding area, moms can continue nursing, but if it is in the feeding area, mothers should cease until the abscess is cured.
Breast mastitis is usually a result of a breast abscess. It is an inflammatory disorder of the breast with infection symptoms. In the case of untreated breast mastitis, nursing must be temporarily halted until the infection is treated, according to research. Obese and diabetic women get it.
To Sum Up
Every newborn must be breastfed. However, for a child’s safety, certain maternal illnesses may prevent breastfeeding. If you have any of the above issues, see a doctor right once to learn how to give your infant formula without sacrificing critical nutrients.