Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi. Humans get B. burgdorferi through infected black-legged or deer ticks. Infected ticks feed on infected deer, birds, or mice. To transmit the illness, a tick must be on the skin for 36 hours. Many Lyme patients have no recall of a tick bite. Lyme disease was initially identified in 1975 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. Most tick-borne illnesses occur in Europe and the US. People who reside or travel in woodland regions notorious for disease transmission are particularly susceptible. Lyme disease is more common in those who own pets and go to forested regions.
Typical signs and symptoms of Lyme illness
Lyme disease causes symptoms that vary in kind and intensity from person to person, and may include the following:
- Reduced field of view
- Muscle aches and pains
- Neuropathy (Bell’s palsy, transverse myelitis) is a condition that affects the nervous system.
- The rash begins as a bull’s-eye look and gradually spreads over time.
- A stiff neck is a common problem.
- An increase in the size of the joints in the knees and other major joints
- Lymph nodes that have swollen
In the United States, Lyme disease germs enter the body via a black-legged tick bite.
The adult or nymph tick bores a small hole in the skin and attaches itself to the host.
Ticks like dark places like the scalp, armpits, and groin.
To transmit germs, they must be in contact with the skin for 36–48 hours. Large adult ticks are easily seen and removed by most humans. Ticks that are too small to see may go undetected
Is it feasible to transmit from one person to another?
No, Lyme disease cannot be transmitted:
- between two or more human beings
- ranging from pets to people
- by the intake of air, food, or water
- Lice, mosquitoes, fleas, and flies are likewise incapable of transmitting the disease.
What Can I Do to Avoid Tick Bites?
- Pay attention to vegetation throughout May, June, and July.
- Wear light-colored clothes to notice ticks.
- Be sure to protect your feet with long trousers and long-sleeved shirts.
- Tuck pant legs into socks or shoes.
- Protect yourself with a hat.
- Apply DEET insect repellent to exposed skin and clothing.
- Avoid walking in the grass.
- After being outside, remove your clothes and wash and dry them hot.
- After outdoor activity, check for ticks.
What is the Lyme disease stage?
Lyme disease phases are progressive and dependent on treatment:
Located early, after the infection has set established. Symptoms can appear hours, days, or weeks after the tick bite, and include a skin rash (erythema migrans), flu-like symptoms, and joint discomfort.
Early spread, weeks to months after a tick bite The microorganisms are spreading farther. Because numerous organs are affected, symptoms might be various and unrelated. Symptoms include blurred vision, rash, discomfort, and numbness in the arms, legs, or face.
dispersed late, occurring weeks, months, or years following a tick attack. Untreated Lyme disease can cause chronic illnesses including arthritis, migraines, generalized discomfort, insomnia, and concentration issues.
- Tick bites are the best way to avoid Lyme disease.
- Here are some ideas:
- Recognize tick hotspots.
- Apply repellent to skin, clothes, and camping gear.
- Treat pets for ticks.
- Inspect outdoor gear, clothing, and pets for ticks.
- Shower and check for ticks after going outside.
- Ticks are killed by hot drying cloths.
- Ask a pest control company how to keep ticks out.
- Tick removal made simple
- Watch for Lyme disease signs.
Check for ticks by:
- the area between the arms and behind the knees
- the area between and around the ears
- at the area of the belly button
- in all parts of the head of hair
- in the space between the legs
- about the middle of the waist
Lyme disease can develop if a black-legged tick bites you and transmits the bacterium B. burgdorferi to your body. A rash in the shape of a ring or a bull’s-eye may appear early in the course of the disease. Antibiotics are frequently successful in the treatment of bacterial infections. Complications such as joint discomfort may develop later on and necessitate a different treatment strategy.