Endometriosis is a feminine ailment. It occurs when endometrial-like tissue develops outside the uterus. Like endometrial tissue, the tissue reacts to hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. It swells and bleeds like endometrial tissue, but it has no place to go. But it can cause scarring and adhesions. Blood trapped in the fallopian tubes can cause cysts. Tissue fusion can affect reproductive organs. Pain and irregular bleeding are signs. It may influence a person’s ability to care.
Endometriosis affects around 11% of females aged 15–44 in the United States. It affects people in their 30s and 40s.
Signs and symptoms
Period pain is an indication of endometriosis. Endometriosis symptoms include:
- Perimenstrual pelvic discomfort (but not always). The agony may be excruciating.
- Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome include bloating and irregular bowel habits (IBS)
- Pain during or after sex
- atypical menstruation (heavy periods or bleeding between periods)
- Ovulation pain
- Sub-fertility or infertility.
Other symptoms include:
- Back pain
- Constant fatigue
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
- Urinary tract infections or pain before or during urination.
Endometrial tissue forms lesions, nodules, and cysts in the pelvic, ovaries, intestines, ligaments, and bladder. There can also be adhesions (fibrous scar tissue that binds internal organs or tissues). Endometriomas (ovarian cysts) might occur later in the illness.
For example, some women with moderate endometriosis might have severe symptoms, and vice versa. Endometriosis does not always cause monthly symptoms. Endometriosis symptoms normally improve after pregnancy and menopause.
Causes of Endometriosis
Endometriosis has no recognized cause. Among the causes are:
- Your immune system may not be eliminating endometrial cells properly.
- Heavy bleeding or aberrant uterine, cervix, or vaginal structure causes endometrial cells to migrate up the fallopian tubes and into the abdomen. (Reverse menstruation)
- Endometrial cells can be transported by blood or lymph fluid. Or during an episiotomy or cesarean birth, the cells may be shifted.
- Belly and pelvic cells can become endometrial cells.
- In your uterus, endometrial cells may have developed.
- It may be inherited.
When to Call the Doctor
Call your doctor right away if you notice sudden, severe pelvic discomfort. If you’re experiencing any of the following symptoms:
- From a relatively pain-free to a pain-inducing phase, your menstrual cycle has evolved.
- When you are in pain, you can’t do what you normally would.
- During intercourse, you begin to feel discomfort.
- There is discomfort when you urinate, blood in your urine, or you are unable to regulate the amount of pee that comes out.
- As a result of an inexplicable change in the frequency or severity of your bowel motions, you should seek medical attention.
- After a year of trying, you will not be able to conceive.
- Painful periods or sex might be a warning sign that you’re not ready to become pregnant.
Endometriosis is difficult to detect and has no one straightforward test. Many women are raised believing pelvic discomfort and other symptoms are normal, and birth control hormones or pregnancy can frequently temporarily improve symptoms even without a diagnosis.
Endometriosis can only be diagnosed conclusively through a laparoscopic operation and a tissue sample. The surgery can also eliminate endometriosis.
Ultrasound can detect endometriomas (ovarian cysts with endometriosis tissue).
Finding a doctor that specializes in endometriosis is critical, as not taking the pain seriously is a typical issue among endometriosis sufferers.
The condition of endometriosis is currently incurable, although several treatment options may be available to assist control symptoms. They are as follows:
Pain can be managed with the use of medications. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pharmaceuticals (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, and others) as well as medications to treat painful menstruation are included in this category.
If over-the-counter medications are ineffective, a doctor may prescribe harsher medications.
Treatment with hormones
Depending on your situation, your doctor may suggest birth control pills or other hormonal methods of birth control, such as the Mirena device. Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) may be prescribed in specific situations.
The use of these products may assist to lower estrogen levels and prevent the growth of undesirable tissue. They are unable to heal adhesions or boost fertility, on the contrary.
In the event that alternative therapies are ineffective, a doctor may propose surgery to remove the excess tissue. In certain instances, a hysterectomy with the removal of both ovaries may be required.
In the event that endometriosis interferes with conception, in-vitro fertilization may be a viable alternative.
What is the most recent research on the treatment of endometriosis?
Your symptoms, as well as any personal or family history of endometriosis, will be noted by your doctor. Also done maybe a general health evaluation in order to discover whether or not there are any other indicators of a long-term condition present.
Your doctor will manually feel your abdomen for cysts or scars behind the uterus while performing a pelvic examination.
A transvaginal ultrasound or an abdominal ultrasound may be performed by your doctor. A transvaginal ultrasound is performed by inserting a transducer into the vaginal canal.
Ultrasounds of both sorts are used to get pictures of your reproductive organs. They can aid your doctor in the identification of cysts linked with endometriosis, but they are ineffective in excluding the illness from consideration.
Endometriosis can only be diagnosed by direct observation, which is the only surefire way. A laparoscopy is a small surgical technique that is used to do this. Once the tissue has been identified, it can be removed during the same process.
Pregnancy may temporarily reduce endometriosis symptoms. Women without children are more prone to the disease. Endometriosis can still exist in postpartum mothers. This confirms that hormones have a role in the condition’s progression.
Consult your doctor if you’re having menstrual issues. These concerns include shorter cycles, heavier and longer periods, and early menstruation. These variables may increase your risk.
If you or a member of your family suffers from endometriosis, you should consult your doctor. You may be at a higher risk of acquiring the disease as a result of your lifestyle.