Pregnancy can cause a wide range of gastrointestinal issues, including nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Many of these issues are short-lived and don’t pose a concern, while others can be long-lasting and dangerous to both mother and fetus.
We’ll take a look at some of the digestive issues that can arise during pregnancy in this article. Experts recommend keeping an eye out for these symptoms and contacting a doctor if they continue for more than a few days.
When pregnant women suffer from diarrhea, they are more likely to give birth to smaller-than-average babies, a condition known as small for gestational age (SGA), according to a new study. Diarrhea-infected pregnant women have a higher risk of miscarriage and illness in their newborns, according to the study.
As many as 11% to 38% of pregnant women report experiencing constipation or difficulty cleaning their bowels, according to a recent study. During the first and second trimesters, constipation is a common occurrence. Because of the anatomic and physiological changes in the gastrointestinal system, pregnant women are more likely to have constipation. Because progesterone and motilin hormone levels are so high in women, they delay the transfer of undigested food to the large intestine, leading to constipation.
Around 40 to 85 percent of pregnant women are affected by gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD, particularly in the first trimester. If left untreated, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can have a negative impact on a person’s quality of life. Bleeding and swelling of the esophagus are other common consequences of the disease. Experts, on the other hand, believe that antacids recommended by a doctor can alleviate the symptoms.
Nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are two of the most common symptoms of pregnancy, affecting around 70 to 80 percent of expectant mothers. It is also common in the first trimester, however it may not last long. However, extreme nausea and vomiting during pregnancy may be a sign of hyperemesis gravidarum, an underlying disease (HG). Multiple pregnancies and a history of HG might further raise the risk of nausea and vomiting.
Approximately 17% to 46% of pregnant women suffer from this common gastrointestinal complaint. Heartburn is most common in the third trimester (60-72%), moderate (39%) in the second trimester (39%) and low (22%) in the first trimester, according to a study. In pregnant women, elevated progesterone levels and a decreased oesophageal sphincter (OS), which keeps food from being reabsorbed into the esophagus, can produce heartburn.
Bowel inflammation disease
Pregnancy complications such as low birth weight, C-section, and Crohn’s disease may be linked to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) among women of childbearing age according to a new study. Medical experts must be able to give suitable treatment because several IBD medications can have negative effects while pregnant.
Acute hepatic necrosis
Pregnant women may develop acute fatty liver (AFL) during the third trimester, a condition that is extremely rare but can be fatal. The symptoms of AFL during pregnancy, such as fever, jaundice, vomiting, and headache, can be similar to those of preeclampsia and viral hepatitis, making diagnosis difficult. When pregnant women are diagnosed with AFL, they are typically rushed to the hospital for the birth.
To bring things to a close
During pregnancy, pregnant women endure a wide range of difficulties, including gastrointestinal disorders. Despite the fact that many pregnant women choose to treat nausea, vomiting, and constipation with herbal remedies, it is always a good idea to visit a medical professional and keep them informed of your medical issues to minimize any danger to maternal or fetal health.