1. Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental illness that affects around 20 million individuals worldwide, according to the World Health Organization.
2. Schizophrenia is defined by problems in thinking, perception, emotions, language, soul, and behavior, among other factors. Hallucinations (hearing voices or seeing things that are not there) and delusions are 2 kinds of experiences that are common (fixed, false beliefs).
3. schizophrenia is connected with a significant impairment around the world and may have an impact on educational and vocational success.
4. People suffering from schizophrenia are 2-3 times more likely than the average population to die before the age of 65. (2). This is frequently caused by physically debilitating conditions such as cardiovascular illness, metabolic disorders, and infections.
5. People suffering from schizophrenia are frequently subjected to stigma, discrimination, and violations of their human rights.
6. Schizophrenia is a condition that can be treated. The use of medications in conjunction with psychological assistance is helpful.
7. People with schizophrenia benefit from methods such as assistance with assisted living, supported housing and supported work. 8.
Despite the fact that schizophrenia affects about 20 million individuals throughout the world, it is far less frequent than many other mental diseases. Men are far more likely than women to develop symptoms at a younger age.
Schizophrenia is connected with significant impairment, and it has the potential to negatively impact educational and vocational performance.
People suffering from schizophrenia are two to three times more likely than the average population to die prematurely. Physical disorders, such as cardiovascular, metabolic, and viral diseases, are frequently responsible for this.
People suffering from schizophrenia are frequently subjected to stigma, discrimination, and violations of their human rights.
It is a psychosis, and it is a form of mental disease marked by errors in thought, perception, emotions, and language as well as a distorted sense of one’s own identity and behavior.
The following are examples of common experiences:
1. hallucination: the experience of hearing, seeing, or experiencing things that are not actually present.
2. delusion: a set of entrenched erroneous ideas or suspicions that are not shared by others in the person’s culture and that are strongly maintained despite evidence to the contrary.
3. disorganized behavior, such as roaming aimlessly, mumbling or laughing to oneself, odd look, self-neglect, or seeming untidy.
4. a disorganized speaking pattern, such as nonsensical or irrelevant discourse
5. Emotional disturbances: indifference or a mismatch between the stated mood and what is observed, such as a facial expression or body language, are common.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, schizophrenia is most likely caused by a combination of unique hereditary and environmental variables.
In the case of schizophrenia, for example, the following variables might all have a role in its development:
Genetic inheritance is a type of heredity that is inherited from one’s ancestors.
There is a less than 1 percent risk of getting schizophrenia if there is no history of the disorder in a person’s family. A person’s risk increases, however, if one or both of their parents has been diagnosed with the disease.
In the brain, there is a chemical imbalance.
Schizophrenia appears to occur when there is an imbalance of a neurotransmitter called dopamine in the brain, as well as perhaps of another neurotransmitter known as serotonin.
Factors related to the environment
The following are examples of environmental variables that may raise the risk of schizophrenia:
1. birth trauma as a result of the delivery
2. malnutrition before childbirth
3. Infections caused by viruses
4. psychological variables, such as traumatic experiences.
Certain medicines and remedies are available.
In 2017, scientists discovered evidence that some chemicals in cannabis may be capable of triggering schizophrenia in people who are vulnerable to the condition.
Those who disagree, on the other hand, believe that having schizophrenia may increase a person’s likelihood of using cannabis in the first place.
Even though schizophrenia is a lifelong illness, good therapy can assist a person in managing the symptoms, preventing relapses, and avoiding the need for inpatient treatment.
Each person’s experience will be unique, and a doctor will customize the treatment to meet the specific needs of each patient.
Some possible treatment options include the following:
1. Antipsychotic medications. It is possible to use them on a daily basis or on a less frequent basis if the individual chooses injectable medicines, which may last for up to three months between injections (depending on the medication).
2. Counseling. This can assist a person in the development of coping skills as well as the pursuit of their life objectives.
3. Arrangements for extra care were made. This method combines medicine with family participation and educational resources to provide a more comprehensive treatment plan.
Some of the most commonly prescribed medicines for schizophrenia are as follows:
The source you can rely on:
1. risperidone (Risperdal)
2. olanzapine (Zyprexa)
3. quetiapine (Seroquel)
4. ziprasidone (Geodon)
5. clozapine (Clozaril)
6. haloperidol (Haldol)
Having said that, many of these medications have negative side effects, including neurological problems and weight gain, among others. Newer medicines, on the other hand, may have fewer severe side effects.
No matter how much their symptoms improve, it is critical that they stick with their treatment plan and do not abandon it. If a person quits taking medicine, it is possible that the symptoms will recur.