Throat cancer is a general phrase for throat cancer. Throat cancer is a prevalent kind of head and neck cancer with varied symptoms.
Find a Doctor at Dignity Health if you suspect you have early cancer symptoms. We provide expert oncology services and comprehensive throat cancer care.
Depending on the location of the malignancy, signs, and symptoms may include:
- Anxiety, a sore throat,
- Anxiety, nasal congestion, and stuffiness
- Difficulty swallowing or swallowing pain
- Voice changes, hoarseness, or trouble speaking
- A persistent lump, pain, or tumor in the mouth, throat, or neck
- Breathing problems or noises
- Tingling tongue or mouth opening
- Undesirable weight
These symptoms are not usually indicative of malignancy. Getting a cancer diagnosis and therapy early frequently improves the result. If you have these symptoms for two weeks or more, visit a doctor.
It’s important to know what the risk factors are.
Many factors contribute to an increased risk of throat cancer. Some persons who have risk factors for throat cancer will not get the disease. The following are some of the variables that increase the risk of throat cancer:
- Over fifty years of age
- In Southeast Asia, chewing betel quid (paan) is a popular stimulant.
- Vegetarian and vegan diets are the norm today.
- It is common throughout South America for people to drink mate, a stimulant-like tea.
- Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
- In the job, exposure to wood dust
- Infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) is
- The sexes are male.
- Plummer-Vinson disease (a condition related to chronic low levels of iron in which web-like tissue grows at the top of the esophagus)
- Use of tobacco products such as cigarettes
Boosting your chances of avoiding throat cancer
To reduce your chance of throat cancer, you may want to:
- Avoiding the betel quid (paan)
- Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables
- Smoking cessation, including the usage of cigarette and smokeless tobacco products
- It is important to cut back on the amount of alcohol you consume
- When working with wood dust, it is important to take safety precautions.
Cancer prevention focuses on reducing risk factors. You can minimize your risk of throat cancer by:
- Your doctor’s advice on the HPV vaccination.
- Using safe sex or abstinence to lower HPV risk.
- Attending HPV tests and other routine physicals as directed by your doctor.
- Not smoking or stopping quickly.
- Avoiding cigarettes and other carcinogens.
- Limiting alcohol consumption.
- Increasing your fruit and vegetable intake.
Common treatments for throat cancer
Throat cancer treatment includes:
- Cancer-fighting chemotherapy
- Participation in a clinical study exploring novel treatments for throat cancer
- Radiation to kill cancer cells
- Cancer surgery
Other treatments for throat cancer
Other therapies may be given to aid with general health and treatment side effects:
- Medications for nausea
- If your white blood cell count is very low, use blood cell growth agents.
- Transfusions to temporarily replenish blood components like red blood cells
- Dietary advice to maintain strength and nutrition
- Medications to relieve pain when needed
- Physical therapy for eating, swallowing, and speech issues