A simple routine eye checkup is something that many of us put off, yet it is highly crucial for maintaining the health of not only our eyes but also the health of our entire body. An eye exam can not only detect minor infections but can also disclose far more significant health concerns that could worsen if not treated immediately. The following are some of the conditions that can be detected through eye tests:
A cataract occurs when the eye’s lens becomes clouded due to age or other health issues. This produces hazy or impaired eyesight, disrupting daily chores. Cataracts can harm one or both eyes and develop gradually. Your optometrist can discover cataracts early on before your eyesight is impaired.
Glaucoma occurs when increased eye pressure damages the optic nerve. Untreated, it might cause lifelong blindness. The illness is dangerous since it often has no symptoms. Optometrists assess the eye’s pressure, the field of vision, thickness, and angles to detect Glaucoma. Early diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring can help prevent blindness.
Macular degeneration affects the macula, which is responsible for central vision. The disorder is also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD) due to cell destruction. Macular degeneration is classified as ‘wet’ or ‘dry’. Wet AMD develops faster than dry AMD. Both AMD kinds are painless and damage only one eye. The disease commonly causes impaired or nonexistent vision in the central field. For dry AMD, visual aids and vitamins can help, whereas for wet AMD, laser therapy can help.
Surprisingly, a basic eye checkup can detect early indicators of diabetes. Your optometrist may detect blood or odd yellow fluids in your eyes if you have diabetes. A visit to your local optician might help discover diabetes before you notice any abnormalities in your vision.
A routine eye exam can uncover indicators of hypertension. This disorder is generally asymptomatic but can cause serious health issues like heart disease. The optometrist can detect excessive blood pressure in the eye by searching for bends, leaks, and tears in the blood vessels. Hypertensive retinopathy Untreated, it can cause blood hemorrhages behind the eye.
Autoimmune disorders cause inflammation, irritation, dryness, or swelling of the eye. If you have arthritis, Rheumatoid, or Sjogren’s disease, you may have Lupus. Early detection is critical for therapy and monitoring.
Severe heart problems can be caused by high cholesterol. Blockages in the eyes might be seen as tiny lumps of cholesterol during an eye exam. You may also have a slight white or yellow ring around your cornea (the clear outer layer of the eye). These issues often go undiscovered, so see your optician before they cause blind spots or vision loss.
An optometrist may find anything serious like eye, brain, or neck cancer during a routine eye check, which could save your life. Droopy eyelids or abnormally shaped pupils may indicate a neck tumor or aneurysm. These signs frequently occur before other symptoms, so it’s best to get regular eye exams to be safe.