Home Skin Care Eye Care Causes  of dark circles under eyes

Causes  of dark circles under eyes

Causes  of dark circles under eyes
Dark circle

Have you ever awoken to see black shadows beneath your eyes in the mirror? Eye bags and dark circles beneath the eyes are very frequent in both men and women. Dark circles beneath the eyes may make you look older than you really are, and they can occur for a variety of reasons

Some reasons of dark circle


The under-eye area is densely packed with blood vessels. The blue-black coloration is caused by blood cells being stuck in these veins. It’s normal for the skin around the eyes to thin out as we get older. As a result, the blood vessels around the eyes become more visible, giving the appearance of dark circles.

Menstruation and pregnancy

Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menstruation have a significant impact on a woman’s skin. Because of the hormonal changes that occur during these times, the under-eye region darkens.


Like eye, skin, and hair color, dark circles beneath the eyes are inherited. The culprits are genes that create weaker capillaries in the ocular area. Skin tone, especially skin transparency around the eyes, is also inherited. This thin eyelid skin can accentuate dark circles. The eyelid skin is so thin that the eyelid muscle color shows through (which is purple). Look at any face and you will see that the lower eyelid has the darkest skin. Thinner people have darker lower eyelids.


Because the skin around the eyes is so thin, excessive pigment production causes dark circles. Too much sun exposure might induce pigmentation. When exposed to the sun without protection, the lower eyelid will acquire a brown pigment. This is because excess melanin in the skin causes pigmentation disorders in persons of color. Sunscreen use can help prevent sun-induced changes. These dark areas can also be lightened by using bleaching lotions or other skin lightening methods.

Sun overexposure

The ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun cause damage to the skin under your eyes. Furthermore, spending extended periods of time in the sun causes an increase in the creation of melanin pigment. This creates a deeper tint behind your eyes in the area below your eyes.


Longer nights, excessive fatigue, exhaustion, and oversleeping induce dark circles. Sleep deprivation causes pale skin. It also reveals dark tissue.

Sleep deprivation causes swollen eyes. An under-eye shadow is an outcome.

Chemical peels

Skin is smoothed and fairer after these procedures. The peels are offered in three strengths: superficial, medium, and deep. Because the periorbital skin is so thin, we utilize the weakest type, superficial, which contains glycolic or alpha hydroxy acids.

Transfer of fat

This also helps to plump up the region by restoring volume and decreasing the hollowed-out look of the eyes, and the results remain longer than those observed with injectable fillers.


Drinking enough water isn’t a new recommendation. Despite this, many individuals are averse to it. When your body does not receive the necessary amount of water, you are said to be dehydrated. Because of its close closeness to the underlying bone, it causes your under-eye region to seem darker.


Dark rings may occur around the eye after being struck by an item and resulting in bruising (often known as a black eye). You may also get a black eye as a result of a severe sinus infection, cosmetic facial surgery, or dental surgery.


Dr. Eve Glazier and Dr. Elizabeth Ko explain in an article in the Spokesman-Review that hereditary hyperpigmentation is a prevalent cause of dark circles beneath the eyes in their article. People with this condition have darker skin around their eyes than the rest of their faces, which is something they may have acquired from their parents or other family members.


An American College of Chest Physicians research from 2008 found that smokers are four times more likely to feel tired after a night’s sleep. This is because smokers sleep less deeply than nonsmokers. Fatigue can cause under-eye bags and dark circles.

Prevent dark circles under eyes?

Only if you are constant in your efforts will you be able to properly care for your eyes and prevent dark circles. Sometimes, making certain modifications to one’s way of life is the most effective strategy to cure dark circles. Make certain of the following to avoid them:

  • Consume nutritious foods.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Exercise on a regular basis.
  • Make sure you get adequate sleep.
  • Maintain the health of your skin.
  • Keep your screen time to a minimum.

Risk factors

You’re more likely to develop dark circles under your eyes if you:

  • Are genetically predisposed – Dark circles under the eyes are more likely to develop if members of your immediate family have them.
  • Are aging naturally – Collagen loss and skin thinning are universal signs of aging. These changes can accentuate dark circles, especially in the tear trough.
  • If you have a medium or deep skin tone, you are more prone to dark circles under the eyes. Skin pigmentation changes cause it.


Dark circles under the eyes can be treated with a variety of home remedies and medical procedures. Consult with your doctor to determine the most effective treatment for dark circles beneath the eyes.